Panama Canal, Panama.
The Panama Canal was completed in 1914 under the administration
of Teddy Roosevelt at a cost of $533 million, requiring 35,000
men and 10 years to build. An engineering marvel, no pumps are
used in filling or emptying the locks or "steps" that rise and
fall between the two mighty oceans on either side. The Canal
saves 13,000 miles of ocean travel around the tip of South
America for vessels that traverse the 51.7 mile course. It takes
58 million gallons of water for a single ship to descend the 85
feet from the Pacific to the Atlantic, and takes a mere 8 hours.
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